“Medicolegal” is the term, which incorporates the basics of two sister professions i.e. Medicine and Law, as when medical testing or examination is undertaken for a legal purpose.
A doctor has ethical and legal obligations, and he needs to abide by the laws of the land while discharging his duties. In medical practice, most of the doctors would come across which at the time or subsequently, would be called a “Medico-Legal Case” (MLC).
An MLC is a case of injury/illness where the attending doctor, after eliciting history and examining the patient, thinks that some investigation by law enforcement agencies is essential to establish and fix responsibility for the case in accordance with the law of the land. It can also be defined as a case of injury or ailment, etc., in which investigations by the law-enforcing agencies are essential to fix the responsibility regarding the causation of the said injury or ailment.